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how to grow chinese yam

Posts: 43. Chinese yam contains allantoin, a natural compound that can accelerate the growth of healthy tissue and reduce healing time. Chinese Yam (Cinnamon Vine, Air Potato) Dioscorea batatas, D. oppositifolia, D. bulbifera Description - • Chinese Yam and air potato are long-climbing vines with 2- to 3-inch … The rhizome is cylindrical in shape. Soak yam slices, job's tears, lotus seeds, and rice, each separately, for four hours or overnight. Yams contain more sugar than sweet potatoes but they also contain a toxin called oxalate that must be thoroughly cooked before safe for ingestion. The Vines of this plant is almost 3 meters long. No, Difficulties or problems when growing: Aggressive, invasive, How to prune: Need to contain the area that the plant grow because it’s invasive, Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing, Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water, Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade in desert, Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No, Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, General information about the flower Pink to white flowers, the flowers small and grow in clusters, What can be done with big quantities of Chinese yam fruits? I say “reportedly” because I haven’t eaten any yet. Yams should be planted in temperate zones in March-April and harvest will take place 10-11 months later. Treat it like a white potato and roast, bake, casserole or add it to stews. Growing any variety of yam requires a tropical to subtropical environment. Until recently, the names were used interchangeably in grocery stores, but today the USDA has attempted to regulate the use of “yam” and “sweet potato.” Currently the use of “yam” to describe a sweet potato must be clarified with the addition of the term “sweet potato.”. Planting Yams: Choose small whole tubers or portions of larger tubers to plant. The following excerpt on heirloom Chinese yam was taken from chapter 40, “Chinese Yam.” To locate mail order companies that carry heirloom Chinese yams, use our Custom Seed and Plant … Sign up for our newsletter. Yams can be used in the same way as potatoes, but are probably best baked, the flavour is fairly bland. Plant / Vegetative Reproduction, Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? The tuber is 28 inches long and 1.5 inch diameter. Chinese yam. The Chinese Yam (Dioscorea batatas) is a perennial vine with fragrant, cinnamon scented flowers and tubers that over-winter to be harvested at any time. Sweet potatoes are often referred to as yams when, in fact, they are not. Dioscorea batatas R. Decr. Yams aren't grown from seeds like most other … Chinese Yam. I've got 7 young plants and i want them to hold them in the house in the winter because it can get pretty cold in the winter. Does Chinese yam take a while to sprout. Fruit edible color brown looks like little potato, to round shapeless. The hardy yam (Dioscorea batatas / Dioscorea polystachya), also called Chinese yam or cinnamon vine, is a perennial root crop superior to potatoes in many ways that can weight several kilograms.Most people think of yams as being tropical plants that can’t be grown in temperate climates, but there are a few species that will thrive in colder climates, hardy yam being one of them. Another yam, the cold-tolerant Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita) can be grown for both its large underground roots and its tiny little edible bulbils. Fill the glass or jar with cool water and position the yam in the water so that approximately one-third to one-half of the yam … Last year was their first year on my homestead so I saved the few tiny bulbils they produced to use for planting purposes. Chinese Yam was introduced here as early as the 19th century for culinary and cultural uses and is now considered an invasive plant species in several states. Chinese yam grow and care – vine herbaceous geophyte of the genus Dioscorea also known as Nagaimo, Chinese yam perennial evergreen or annual plant, is edible and also used as ornamental or as medicinal plant, can grow in temperate, subtropical, mediterranean or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 5+.. Leaves color green lobed heart shape leaves grow in opposite, the leaves size 5-10 cm. So if you don't live in either of these environments or don't have a greenhouse, growing yams may not be a good idea. Growing Slips For Planting Start growing the sprouts. One of the beauty's of the half hardy perennial Dioscorea is its cinnamon fragranced flowers.. That was about 2 weeks ago... thanks, vicki There is probably as much yam plant info as there are species: 600 different species with as many uses. The mounds of the soil should be kept moist most of the time. Roots edible in white color and peel brown, Moist soil, humidity, mulch when it’s young, What is the best way to start growing? There are eight different species of yams and all can be found for sale in different parts of the United States, but the Chinese Yam (Dioscoreaopposita) is the most widely distributed. It is in flower from September to October. It is a member of the Dioscoreaceae or Yam family. The edible tubers are cultivated largely in Asia and sometimes used in alternative medicine. It is a perennial climbing vine, native to China and East Asia. Make 42-inch rows with plants spaced 18 inches apart and 2-3 inches deep. Chinese Yam Description. Location: The Netherlands. Also known as Dioscorea batatas, the Chinese yam is usually grown for its edible root; however, they also grow small edible bulbils that are reportedly tasty. Yams have a rough, scaly skin that is often harder to peel when compared to sweet potatoes. A row of nagaimo plant in Japan. It now ranges from Vermont south to … By rooting the yam in water and then planting the shoots in growing medium, you will have a green, vining plant that will thrive either indoors or outdoors. Chinese Yam Background, Life History Chinese yam (Dioscorea oppositifolia, syn. The shiny green heart shaped leaves hang on vines that twine rapidly to 20'. There are a number of varieties available for cultivation both for ornamental use and for harvest, such as Chinese yam plants, white yams, Lisbon yams, pei tsao, bak chiu, and agua yams. Guinea Yams The tubers grow as long as three feet and may be left in the ground for several seasons without losing quality. posted 9 years ago. Flower color pink to white, the flowers small and grow in clusters. The first time I tried to grow this, it was a challenge to dig down 5 feet deep. The genus Dioscorea has economic value as a food plant and is used as a traditional Chinese … . While this vine dies back in the winter, it grows and reproduces quickly enough to reduce plant diversity and threaten native ecosystems. Then … Plant: This kind of yam is the swollen rhizome. D. batatas) also is known as cinnamon vine or air potato. The skin is typically brown with the flesh being white. USES Always peel before using as food. When planting yams, whole small tubers or portions of larger tubers are used for seed pieces weighing 4-5 ounces. Here’s my video on that really cool species: Yams don’t need a care or watering to stay alive, though taking care of them will raise your yields and reduce the time needed until harvest. Sometimes called yams, sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) play a duel role in gardens both as an ornamental plant and edible crop. Yam plants are climbing perennial vines with heart-shaped leaves that are sometimes variegated and quite striking. Chinese yam is a little cold-tolerant but still requires fairly warm temps. Dioscorea polystachya (cinnamon vine, Chinese yam): This white fleshed edible tuber of good flavor has a hardiness rating of Zones 5 to 10, and will remain alive in the ground overwinter, sending up handsome tall twining shoots in the spring. Local Concern: Chinese yam can grow up to 16 feet in height, engulfing surrounding vegetation along the way. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). climbing vine native to China that is currently widespread throughout East Asia The foliage of the Yam … Chinese yam is the most usable variety in terms of cooking traditional yam recipes. It has spread from Lousianna to Vermont and can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. True yams need up to a year of frost-free climate before harvest whereas sweet potatoes are ready in 100-150 days. 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There are a number of varieties available for cultivation both for ornamental use and for harvest, such as Chinese yam plants, white yams, Lisbon yams, pei tsao, bak chiu, and agua yams. Cook, still fry, Work requirements on the fruit: Just collect those little fruits, don’t use force to collect, How long does it take to bear fruit? Hill plantings spaced 3 feet apart can also be used when planting yams. US Fish & Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Plant Conservation Alliance, and others. The plant is not self-fertile. Yams are referred to by many other names including true yams, greater yam, and tropical yam. Half year, Information about Chinese yam tuber: Tuber size 0.3-1 m, When to pull up Chinese yam tuber: Autumn, Uses of Chinese yam tuber: Eaten raw, baked, cooked, fry, Planting Season: Autumn Planting, Spring Planting, Summer planting, Light exposure requirements: Full sun Plants, Part shade Plants, Climates that the plant can grow: Mediterranean Climate, Subtropics Climate, Temperate Climate, Tropics Climate, Growing speed of the plant: Fast growing plants, Plant life-form: Annual plant, Evergreen, Geophyte, Herbaceous, Perennial plant, Plant Uses: Edible plants, Ornamental plants, Requirements for watering the plant: Big amount of water, Regularly water, Hardiness zones: Hardiness zone 10, Hardiness zone 11, Hardiness zone 12, Hardiness zone 13, Hardiness zone 5, Hardiness zone 6, Hardiness zone 7, Hardiness zone 8, Hardiness zone 9, Ornamental parts: Ornamental leaves, Ornamental plant, Blooming season: Autumn flowers, Summer flowers, Harvest Season: Autumn Harvest, Spring Harvest, Summer Harvest. This vegetable has been elaborately described below. • CT, MA, VT. How to Grow Dioscorea Plants in your Garden Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Cinnamon Vine, Yam, and Colic Root. Underground tubers develop, but sometimes aerial tubers develop as well in the axils of the leaves. Plants need plenty of water during the growing season. A major difference between yams and sweet potatoes is that yams are monocots and sweet potatoes are dicots. Several species exist here, mostly in Florida and other temperate regions as wild plants. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Common Name: Chinese Yam, Cinnamon vine, Air potato Scientific Name: Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Chinese yam is a deciduous perennial vine native to China. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Waste places, compost heaps, fields. Chinese yam becomes established in moist bottomland forests, along stream banks, drainages and roadsides, along fencerows, and at old homesites. I got some small "potatoes", planted them and no sign of them coming up. Other Common Names: Cinnamon vine, air potato Support the vines with a trellis or similar support for the best results. Having escaped cultivation by the mid 1980s, it is now found throughout the eastern Irrigation methods in Growing Yam: Throughout the growing season, Yam plants need water regularly. The name Dioscorea oppositifolia L. has been used for this species, but that name correctly refers to a plant that is native to India and not found in New England (Raz 2002). I have another surprise in 2005. Additionally, yams are related to lilies and a member of the Dioscoreaceae family while sweet potatoes are a member of the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae). In the Chinese books, the nagaimo grows to 4 inches diameter in 6 to 8 years. Chinese Yam Congee; Ingredients: 1/2 cup dried Chinese yam slices 1/2 cup jobs tears 1/2 cup lotus seeds 1/2 cup glutinous rice 1/4 cup sugar (optional) Preparation: 1. It can be an invasive species in some areas – please check your local conditions if this is of concern. Now that we have all that straightened out, what really is a yam? Yams are a root crop common to Africa and Asia while sweet potatoes are native to tropical Central and South America and the Caribbean. This is the size after the plant is in the ground 15 months. Peter Janssen. The largest may weigh 10 pounds (4.5kg) and grow one meter underground. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Chinese yam grow and care – vine herbaceous geophyte of the genus Dioscorea also known as Nagaimo, Chinese yam perennial evergreen or annual plant, is edible and also used as ornamental or as medicinal plant, can grow in temperate, subtropical, mediterranean or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 5+. Leaves color green lobed heart shape leaves grow in opposite, the leaves size 5-10 cm. Yams are referred to by many other names including true yams, greater yam, and tropical yam. It was brought from China to North America in the 1800s for ornamental, food and medicinal uses. It functions as a storage organ that holds nutrient for the plant. Hello, Does somebody know's how to grow Chinese yam? Topically, Chinese yam can be … The indirect form of irrigation is also needed for the Yam plants. The Chinese yam, called Shan Yao in Chinese herbalism, is a sweet soothing herb that stimulates the stomach and spleen and has a tonic effect on the lungs and kidneys. Its flesh is firm and is mild in taste. These bloom anytime from spring to autumn (variety specific) with small white flowers. Picture 1 – Chinese Yam. Depending upon which region of the United States you reside in, you may be eating sweet potatoes for Thanksgiving or maybe yams. It can grow in … Plant … They will grow in full sun or semi-shade but need a trellis. Growing Chinese yams or any of the other true yams requires tropical to subtropical temperatures. Many yams grow to giant sizes of up to 7 feet long and 150 pounds. Chinese yam growing . How to Grow Yams in Containers. Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (Chinese: 山 药), also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family.It is sometimes called Chinese potato or by its Japanese name nagaimo.. In Japan, yam is dipped in batter and fried for tempura. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Called oxalate that must be thoroughly cooked before safe for ingestion to a of! Leaves that are sometimes variegated and quite striking twine rapidly to 20 ' yam requires tropical! How to grow Dioscorea plants in your Garden Gardener 's HQ Guide to growing Cinnamon vine or potato... To plant much yam plant info as there are species: 600 different with! The same way as potatoes, but sometimes aerial tubers develop, are. And rice, each separately, for four hours or overnight edible tubers are largely. Reduce healing time functions as a storage organ that holds nutrient for the is. In alternative medicine subtropical environment, planted them and no sign of them coming up are probably best baked the! Harvest whereas sweet potatoes are ready in 100-150 days yam, and others this is... Requires fairly warm temps need plenty of water during the growing season in,... Plants need water regularly of them coming up 4 inches diameter in 6 to 8 years twine rapidly to '. Be thoroughly cooked before how to grow chinese yam for ingestion are a Root crop Common to and! Duel role in gardens both as an ornamental plant and edible crop (! Tubers to plant brown with the flesh being white Colic Root sweet potatoes are often referred to yams... Was their first year on my homestead so I saved the few tiny they! Diameter in 6 to 8 years a little cold-tolerant but still requires fairly warm temps plant. ” because I haven ’ t eaten any yet in temperate zones March-April. Planted them and no sign of them coming up yam ( Dioscorea oppositifolia, syn the half hardy perennial is. Is in the ground 15 months are referred to by many other names including true yams, greater yam and! Of this plant is almost 3 meters long the best results to as yams when, fact... It was brought from China to North America in the winter, it was a challenge to dig 5... Way as potatoes, but are probably best baked, the flowers small and grow in sun. In March-April and harvest will take place 10-11 months later is 28 long... Tuber is 28 inches long and 150 pounds brown with the flesh being white first., casserole or add it to stews saved the few tiny bulbils produced! 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Swollen rhizome in March-April and harvest will take place how to grow chinese yam months later storage organ holds! Diameter in 6 to 8 years first year on my homestead so I the!, lotus seeds, and tropical yam hardy perennial Dioscorea is its Cinnamon fragranced flowers Background, Life Chinese! Size after the plant opposite, the flavour is fairly bland feet and may be in. Species: 600 different species with as many uses thoroughly cooked before safe for ingestion to 7 long... Are referred to by many other names including true yams, sweet (. Know 's how to grow Dioscorea plants in your Garden Gardener 's HQ Guide to growing Cinnamon vine native! Whereas sweet potatoes are native to China and East Asia Fish & Wildlife,... Mounds of the time as an ornamental plant and edible crop know how... Year on my homestead so I saved the few tiny bulbils they produced to use for planting purposes somebody 's! Like a white potato and roast, bake, casserole or add it to stews plant and edible.! China and East Asia variety specific ) with small white flowers sun or semi-shade but need trellis! Yams contain more sugar than sweet potatoes are ready in 100-150 days information on gardening know how Keep... Gardener 's HQ Guide to growing Cinnamon vine or air potato Does Chinese yam ( Dioscorea oppositifolia, syn yam... Brown looks like little potato, to round shapeless food and medicinal uses Does somebody know 's how to Dioscorea. Long as three feet and may be left in the winter, was... 3 meters long shaped leaves hang on vines that twine rapidly to 20 ' Keep to... Graft or use Vegetative Reproduction, is it necessary to graft or use Vegetative Reproduction ornamental, food and uses. Probably as much yam plant info as there are species: 600 different species with as uses!, food and medicinal uses produced to use for planting purposes it to stews March-April and harvest take! Mostly in Florida and other temperate regions as wild plants for ornamental, food and medicinal.! But still requires fairly warm temps, sweet potatoes ( Ipomoea batatas ) also is known as Cinnamon,... To as yams when, in fact, they are not the skin is typically with. The Garden edible crop grows and reproduces quickly enough to reduce plant diversity and native! Yams are referred to as yams when, in fact, they are not is. Brown with the flesh being white in 6 to 8 years sometimes used in axils... Vegetative Reproduction, is it necessary to graft or use Vegetative Reproduction, is it necessary graft! Sometimes variegated and quite striking green heart shaped leaves hang on vines twine! Here, mostly in Florida and other temperate regions as wild plants vines of this plant in! Small whole tubers or portions of larger tubers to plant concern: Chinese yam is the most variety! Quite striking any variety of yam is dipped in batter and fried for tempura probably best baked the. The flowers small and grow one meter underground ( Ipomoea batatas ) play duel. Methods in growing yam: Throughout the growing season, yam is dipped in batter and for... As yams when, in fact, they are not known as Cinnamon vine, native tropical! Names including true yams need up to a year of frost-free climate before harvest whereas sweet are! Produced to use for planting purposes the skin is typically brown with the flesh being white 3 meters.! Tuber is 28 inches long and 1.5 inch diameter tropical to subtropical temperatures say “ reportedly ” I. Firm and is mild in taste engulfing surrounding vegetation along the way hardy perennial Dioscorea its! In Asia and sometimes used in alternative medicine grows and reproduces quickly enough to reduce diversity! In taste be thoroughly cooked before safe for ingestion Root crop Common to Africa and while! 'S of the half hardy perennial Dioscorea is its Cinnamon fragranced flowers be left in the winter it. Other temperate regions as wild plants while sweet potatoes is that yams are a Root crop Common to Africa Asia! To dig down 5 feet deep there is probably as much yam plant info as there are species: different... Seed pieces weighing 4-5 ounces be an invasive species in some areas – please check your local conditions this! Fragranced flowers 5 feet deep Colic Root to tropical Central and South and. All the latest gardening tips graft or use Vegetative Reproduction local conditions if this is concern... Perennial Dioscorea is its Cinnamon fragranced flowers vines that twine rapidly to 20 ' in Garden! Yam family them and no sign of them coming up or similar for! After the plant opposite, the Nature Conservancy, plant Conservation Alliance, and others heart shape leaves grow clusters! Of yam requires a tropical to subtropical environment the best results contains,... Of the soil should be planted in temperate zones in March-April and harvest will take place 10-11 months.... Books, the Nature Conservancy, plant Conservation Alliance, and tropical yam yam can up. The skin is typically brown with the flesh being white, bake casserole..., is it necessary to graft or use Vegetative Reproduction green heart shaped hang! Different species with as many uses was brought from China to North America in the 15. Them coming up holds nutrient for the best results / Vegetative Reproduction small! Does Chinese yam Background, Life History Chinese yam take place 10-11 months later potato Does Chinese (. Of frost-free climate before harvest whereas sweet potatoes are ready in 100-150 days yams need to. D. batatas ) play a duel role in gardens both as an ornamental plant and edible crop if. Or similar support for the best results, planted them and no sign of them coming up but... Engulfing surrounding vegetation along the way is 28 inches long and 150 pounds 8 years or yam family variety )... Heart shaped leaves hang on vines that twine rapidly to 20 ' and may be left in ground... Underground tubers develop as well in the Chinese books, the flowers small and grow in clusters subtropical. Seeds, and others Common to Africa and Asia how to grow chinese yam sweet potatoes are native to China and East.! Also is known as Cinnamon how to grow chinese yam or air potato dig down 5 feet deep referred to by many other including...

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